What is meant by defamation?
Defamation essentially is making or publishing any Imputation to harm the reputation of a person or body. It is a dishonest false statement to discredit or put disrepute a person or body.
In examining the issue of defamation, a person’s character is considered quite different from his reputation. Character is what a man is, but reputation is what he is supposed to be in the eyes of the people or what people say he is. The former depends on the actual attributes he possesses but the latter rests on the attributes which others believe him to be in possession of. In short, a man’s opinion of himself cannot be called his reputation.
Defamation, according to IPC, is making or publishing any imputation concerning any person to harm the reputation of such [person. It can be in written, oral, sign, or graphical form. It must be made knowingly and believing that it will harm the reputation of the person against whom it is made.